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Rail transport is a means of transferring of passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, also known as tracks.It is also commonly referred to as train transport.AMAR Rail transport then commenced in mid 16th century in Germany in form of horse-powered funiculars and wagonways.Modern rail transport commenced with the British development of the steam locomotives in the early 19th century.The line originally used wooden rails and a hemp haulage rope and was operated by human or animal power, through a treadwheel.Wagonways (or tramways) using wooden rails, hauled by horses, started appearing in the 1550s to facilitate the transport of ore tubs to and from mines, and soon became very popular in Europe.
Built by George Stephenson and his son Robert's company Robert Stephenson and Company, the Locomotion No.
The operation is carried out by a railway company, providing transport between train stations or freight customer facilities.
Power is provided by locomotives which either draw electric power from a railway electrification system or produce their own power, usually by diesel engines.
Railway transport is capable of high levels of passenger and cargo utilization and energy efficiency, but is often less flexible and more capital-intensive than road transport, when lower traffic levels are considered.
The oldest known, man/animal-hauled railways date back to the 6th century BC in Corinth, Greece.